Introduction to XML | XML Essentials

Live Classroom
Duration: 5 days
Live Virtual Classroom
Duration: 5 days
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This course is designed as an intensive, hands-on introduction to XML, XPath, and XSLT. The course combines both theory and practical labs to equip participants with the fundamentals of XML and related advanced technologies. The course helps participants master the concepts and ideas, which are reinforced further in the lab exercises.

What You'll Learn

  • Write well-formed XML documents
  • Model business requirements using XML
  • Handle XML reserved characters
  • Validate an XML document with a DTD and with a Schema
  • Centralize data and markup definition with entities
  • Create DTDs and Schemas using XML tools
  • Generate XML documents from databases
  • Write XSL templates to transform XML documents into HTML
  • Integrate XML, XSL and the DOM to implement a complete solution


  • Introduction to XML
    • XML separates structure, content and format
    • Content: XML document syntax rules
    • Structure: DTD or XML Schema
    • Formatting: XSLT transformation to HTML
  • XML mechanics
    • XML document structure
    •  Rules for well-formed XML
    • Content as markup
    • Namespaces associate alias with a URI

  • Namespaces
    • XML Namespaces
    • Name collisions
    • Namespace scope
    • Namespaces best practices
  • Structure Using Schemas
    • Document type definition (DTD)
    • W3C XML Schemas
    • Elements, attributes, and types
    • Restricting simple types: Facets
    • Complex types
    • Attribute definitions
    • Derivation by extension
    • Using XML Schema with Namespaces

  • CSS and rendering XML
    • Cascading style sheets and XML
    • XML/CSS processing flow
  • XSL transformations
    • XPath describes locations within XML
    • XSLT is rule-based transformation language
    • XSL is oriented towards formatting
  • XSLT and XPath
    • XPath data model
    • Location paths
    • Additional filtering
    • XPath operators and functions
    • XSLT stylesheet structure
    • Templates are the rules
    • Conflict resolution for templates
    • Calling templates
    • Looping, sorting and conditional processing constructs
  • XPath 2.0 and XSLT 2.0 overview
    • XPath 2.0 Improvements
    • XPath 2.0 and XQuery 1.0
    • XSLT 2.0 Improvements
  • XSL FO (Formatting Objects)
    • XSL family working together
    • Apache’s FOP: Rendering XML
    • Page types can be conditional
    • Content flows into page regions

  • XML interoperability
    • XML from a data perspective
    • XML/Database interfacing
    • Challenges to mapping XML
  • XML performance improvements
    • Best practices
    • Organization of best practices
  • Web services overview
    • XML in web services
    • WSDL: Description
    • Many Web services challenges
  • XML applications
    • W3C activities
    • Benefits of XML
    • Drawbacks of XML
    • Crossing boundaries
    • Challenges to integration
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Who should attend

This is an introductory-level XML training course, and is highly recommended for:

  • Data entry – XML specialists
  • Service introduction managers
  • XML integration analysts
  • Project managers


There are no mandatory prerequisites for this course, however, completing the Foundations of Agile course prior to taking up this course would be beneficial.

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